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· Krakatoa Island was discovered in the 1500’s.
· Before the eruption in 1883, there were three volcanos on the Krakatoa Island. They consisted of Perboewetan Danan and Rakata.
· The Krakatoa eruption was herd over 160 kilometres away from its origin, making it the loudest bang recorded.
· A huge earthquake hit the island, increasing the vibrations and impacts of the eruption.
· The number of deaths caused by the Eruption was approximately 36 420.
· Approximately 30 000 people died solemnly from the tsunamis caused by the eruption.
· The Krakatoa Volcano is surrounded by another 130 volcano that lie on the Indonesian arc.
· The ash, rock and dust, which exploded out of the volcano at an extreme speed, exceeded approximately 11 kilometres above the top of the volcano.
· The tsunamis that evolved from the impact of the eruption rose to over 40 meters high and destroyed coastlines close in proximity.
· The average temperature around the world was lowered approximately 0.5°C.
· Sunda Strait is the name of the water surrounding the Krakatoa Island.
· The shock-wave produced from the eruption travelled around the earth 7 times.
·
Edvard Munch captured the outcomes of the eruption that affected the whole world, essentially including the devastating people and the colour change of the sky to orange-red, in a painting called ‘The Scream.’ (Refer to figure 7)

Figure 7:
TheScream.jpg

(This painting is called 'The scream', and it was painted by Edvard Munch. It is relevant as it captures a moment of time after the Krakatoa Volcano erupted in 1883. It was found at www.oxideradio.co.uk/shows/contemporary_scandinavian_music/TheScream.jpg)